We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Was the Hog Farm?

Michael Pollick
By
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
Historical Index is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At Historical Index, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The counterculture movement of the 1960s provided a number of memorable personalities, including a former stand-up comic and folk music promoter nicknamed Wavy Gravy. Wavy Gravy's real name was Hugh Romney, and he was the founder of a communal performance group called the Hog Farm Collective. Members of the group were a mixture of hippies, political activists and drop-outs from mainstream society. If groups such as the Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) and Weather Underground were the most politically radical extensions of the counterculture, the Hog Farm could be considered the comic relief.

First formed on a ranch near Los Angeles, California, the Hog Farm earned its name from an arrangement between Romney and a local pig farmer. After the farmer suffered a stroke, the group was allowed to occupy his farmland in exchange for slopping, or feeding, 45 hogs. Life on the farm was fairly idyllic, but Romney had other ambitions for the politically active performers. One such idea called for a temporary relocation to New York City. While living in New York, the Hog Farm was approached by a man representing Woodstock Ventures, Inc. The promoters of the proposed Woodstock music festival wanted Romney and his troupe to provide security and other services at Max Yasgur's farm.

Despite the many logistics problems at Woodstock, members of the farm handled their assignments competently. Security guards routinely enforced rules through polite requests, asking concert-goers to please stop illegal activities. Other members provided rudimentary medical facilities and refreshment stands.

Hugh Romney became the unofficial master of ceremonies, entertaining the crowds between musical acts. When food supplies ran perilously low, it was Romney and other Hog Farm members who got creative in feeding the masses. One of Wavy Gravy's most infamous quotes from Woodstock is, "What we have in mind is breakfast in bed for 400,000 people."

Following the success of Woodstock, the Hog Farm followed through on plans to start a new farm in New Mexico. At another musical concert in Texas, legendary blues guitarist BB King gave Hugh Romney the nickname Wavy Gravy. The collective continued to flourish in both New Mexico and several auxiliary locations in California. In the early 1970s, Wavy Gravy became interested in an organization called Seva, which provided free vision care and surgical procedures to indigent families. The partnership between Seva and the Hog Farm continues well into the 2000s.

Another branch of the organization formed Camp Winnarainbow, a children's camp dedicated to circus arts and other forms of artistic expression. Every year, the Hog Farm sponsors a large musical concert and party called the Pig Nic. Several major alternative and folk rock groups headline this fundraising event, and many of the surviving members of the 1960s counterculture hold the occasional reunion. When ice cream makers Ben and Jerry created a flavor in honor of Wavy Gravy, much of the profit was earmarked for social programs.

Historical Index is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Michael Pollick
By Michael Pollick
As a frequent contributor to Historical Index, Michael Pollick uses his passion for research and writing to cover a wide range of topics. His curiosity drives him to study subjects in-depth, resulting in informative and engaging articles. Prior to becoming a professional writer, Michael honed his skills as an English tutor, poet, voice-over artist, and DJ.
Discussion Comments
Michael Pollick
Michael Pollick
As a frequent contributor to Historical Index, Michael Pollick uses his passion for research and writing to cover a wide...
Learn more
Historical Index, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

Historical Index, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.