We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.
Advertiser Disclosure
Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.
How We Make Money
We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently of our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What Was the Crimean War?

Mary McMahon
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
Historical Index is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At Historical Index, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject-matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

The Crimean War was a 19th century military conflict between Russia on one side, and France, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Sardinia on the other. Ultimately, the allied European forces prevailed, and a treaty was successfully negotiated in Paris to end the Crimean War. This war is particularly notable because it marked a major transition point between historical methods of doing battle and modern warfare, laying the groundwork for the military advances of the First World War.

This conflict started in 1853, dragging on through 1856 and concluding with the Treaty of Paris. Ostensibly, the Crimean War started because of arguments over control of holy sites in Palestine. The Ottoman Empire controlled these sites, but the British and the French were both vying for a more active role in the area, and the Russians became nervous about the potential for English governance in the region. The Russians were also concerned about the alliance between France and the United Kingdom.

In fact, while arguments over holy sites may have sparked the Crimean War, the conflict was really about carving up the collapsing Ottoman Empire. The surrounding nations were well aware of the fact that the Ottoman Empire was extremely unstable, and that a great deal of territory in Eastern Europe and the Middle East would open up in a power vacuum. The belligerents in the Crimean War were interested in ensuring that they got a chance to control some of this territory, and in preventing their foes from gaining a foothold.

The Crimean Peninsula in modern-day Ukraine was a major site for conflict in the Crimean War, although battles also took place in Western Turkey and along the Baltic Sea. The Siege of Sevastopol was one of the more memorable events of the Crimean War, with over 100,000 Russians dying during this protracted battle for the city of Sevastopol.

One of the more positive outcomes of the Crimean War was a reform in military medicine, spearheaded by Florence Nightingale. This Victorian woman is credited with introducing women to battlefield medical care, and with reforming conditions in military hospitals to improve medical outcomes for injured soldiers. The Crimean War also marked the introduction of trenches, more accurate artillery, the military telegraph, and the military use of railroads, a far cry from previous conflicts, in which messages were carried at the speed of the fastest horse, and troops moved at walking pace.

Historical Index is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.
Mary McMahon
By Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a Historical Index researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Discussion Comments
By FitzMaurice — On Jan 06, 2011

Alfred, Lord Tennyson wrote a poem after an event in the Battle of Balaclava, which took place in the Crimean War. His poem, titled "The Charge of the Light Brigade," recorded the valiant effort led by Lord Cardigan in a classic example of an epic and courageous tragic loss.

By Proxy414 — On Jan 04, 2011

It is sad how so many wars such as the Crimean War and the Korean War have been clouded out of the memory of so many people. Normally, only history majors and professors remember these wars, and they are overshadowed in our minds by other wars of the past.

Mary McMahon
Mary McMahon

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a...

Learn more
Historical Index, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

Historical Index, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.