We are independent & ad-supported. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links.

Advertiser Disclosure

Our website is an independent, advertising-supported platform. We provide our content free of charge to our readers, and to keep it that way, we rely on revenue generated through advertisements and affiliate partnerships. This means that when you click on certain links on our site and make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more.

How We Make Money

We sustain our operations through affiliate commissions and advertising. If you click on an affiliate link and make a purchase, we may receive a commission from the merchant at no additional cost to you. We also display advertisements on our website, which help generate revenue to support our work and keep our content free for readers. Our editorial team operates independently from our advertising and affiliate partnerships to ensure that our content remains unbiased and focused on providing you with the best information and recommendations based on thorough research and honest evaluations. To remain transparent, we’ve provided a list of our current affiliate partners here.

What is a Joint Committee?

By John Markley
Updated May 23, 2024
Our promise to you
Historical Index is dedicated to creating trustworthy, high-quality content that always prioritizes transparency, integrity, and inclusivity above all else. Our ensure that our content creation and review process includes rigorous fact-checking, evidence-based, and continual updates to ensure accuracy and reliability.

Our Promise to you

Founded in 2002, our company has been a trusted resource for readers seeking informative and engaging content. Our dedication to quality remains unwavering—and will never change. We follow a strict editorial policy, ensuring that our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts. This guarantees that everything we publish is objective, accurate, and trustworthy.

Over the years, we've refined our approach to cover a wide range of topics, providing readers with reliable and practical advice to enhance their knowledge and skills. That's why millions of readers turn to us each year. Join us in celebrating the joy of learning, guided by standards you can trust.

Editorial Standards

At Historical Index, we are committed to creating content that you can trust. Our editorial process is designed to ensure that every piece of content we publish is accurate, reliable, and informative.

Our team of experienced writers and editors follows a strict set of guidelines to ensure the highest quality content. We conduct thorough research, fact-check all information, and rely on credible sources to back up our claims. Our content is reviewed by subject matter experts to ensure accuracy and clarity.

We believe in transparency and maintain editorial independence from our advertisers. Our team does not receive direct compensation from advertisers, allowing us to create unbiased content that prioritizes your interests.

A joint committee is a committee that draws its members from more than one organization. In countries with a bicameral legislature, the term is most frequently used in politics to describe a committee with members from both houses of the legislature. Although the term most often refers to a government committee, these types of committees also can be found when non-government organizations are working together.

In the United States Congress, these committees are bodies with members from both the House of Representatives and the Senate. There are four standing joint committees in the U.S. Congress: one on taxation, one on on the library, one on printing and the Joint Economic Committee. The position of chairman for these committees rotates between the Committee's most senior Senator and its most senior Representative.

Special versions of these committees can be formed temporarily for more specific subjects, such as the Joint Committee on Reconstruction. The scope of these committees can vary enormously, ranging from the United States Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, which helped oversee the waging of the Civil War, to committees for very narrow issues such as arranging the bicentennial. In addition, the Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies is formed once every four years to plan the inauguration ceremony of the President of the United States, along with associated events.

Parliamentary democracies using the Westminster system of government also have joint select committees with members of both Houses of Parliament to address particular subjects. For example, in the United Kingdom, there are two standing joint committees that meet regularly, the Committee on Human Rights and the Committee on Statutory Instruments. This type of committee also can be formed temporarily for specific issues or bills. The United Kingdom also uses the term “joint committee” to refer to local delegated government bodies that oversee distribution of government services in their areas and consult with local councils.

These types of committees often appear in international relations and international organizations. International groups such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) often form such committees for important issues. For instance, the Joint Committee on Proliferation is a NATO advisory body with representatives of all NATO member states that issues reports on the proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. Trade agreements between nations often are written by committees with members from each country or from international bodies such as the European Free Trade Association.

The term “joint committee” also appears in nongovernmental contexts, like the Committee on Testing Practices. It is a cooperative effort by three groups in the U.S.: the American Psychological Association, the American Educational Research Association and the National Council on Measurement in Education.

Historical Index is dedicated to providing accurate and trustworthy information. We carefully select reputable sources and employ a rigorous fact-checking process to maintain the highest standards. To learn more about our commitment to accuracy, read our editorial process.

Discussion Comments

Historical Index, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.

Historical Index, in your inbox

Our latest articles, guides, and more, delivered daily.