- President Franklin Roosevelt began 100 days of legislation leading to the New Deal. (1933) Roosevelt submitted the Emergency Banking Act on this day, the first of many New Deal policies that would be passed in the next 100 days. Among the reforms were the creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), the repeal of Prohibition, and the National Recovery Administration.
- The Supreme Court ruled on the Amistad mutiny. (1841) The Amistad mutiny consisted of a group of slaves overthrowing the slave ship that was transporting them to America. The case gained widespread attention, and the slaves were eventually acquitted and freed on the grounds that they had been illegally imprisoned to begin with.
- Barbie™ had her debut. (1959) Debuting at the American Toy Fair in New York City, Barbie™ was the first doll with adult features to be mass-produced in the US. She was actually based on a racier doll, named Lilli, that was sold as a gag gift in adult stores in Germany. Since her debut, over 800 million Barbie™ and Barbie™ friends dolls have been sold.
- Pancho Villa attacked New Mexico. (1916) Villa led nearly 500 raiders to attack Columbus, New Mexico, which led President Wilson to authorize an American force of 6,000 soldiers to retaliate. The soldiers spent almost a year trying to find Villa, and were eventually called off when the U.S. entered World War I. Villa was assassinated by a fellow Mexican some years later.
- The last emperor of China became a puppet emperor for the Japanese. (1932) The last emperor of China, Puyi, was named the Emperor of the Japanese pseudo-state of Manchukuo on this day. He kept the title until the end of World War II, and was then imprisoned for war crimes by the Communists until 1959.
- Svetlana Stalin defected to the West. (1967) Svetlana was Joseph Stalin's daughter, though she had not been on good terms with him since he dissolved her marriage to a Jewish man and sent him to a gulag. Her defection was one of a series of high-profile defections throughout the Cold War.
- Edward R. Murrow criticized Senator McCarthy on See It Now. (1954) The show was extremely controversial, but it resonated with many in America. McCarthy's popularity was waning, and the Republican Party had also begun leveling heavy criticism at him in congressional meetings. He was censured later that year by the Senate, and died three years later.
- Napoleon married Josephine. (1796) Josephine was Napoleon's first wife, and thus the first Empress of France. When she failed to bear him any children, he divorced her, but Josephine was still important in European monarchy because of her children and grandchildren from a previous marriage, many of whom went on to become European leaders.
- Two ironclad ships clashed in the Civil War. (1862) The "Battle of the Ironclads" was the first of its kind in history. Both ships took shots at each other for four hours, but neither could penetrate the other's hull. Eventually, the Confederate CSS Virginia hit the pilot tower of the Union USS Monitor, temporarily blinding the captain and allowing the Virginia to escape.
- The first Adopt a Highway sign went up. (1985) The first "Adopt a Highway" program was started on Texas' Route 69 as a program from the local Department of Transportation. Since that time, the program has spread throughout all of America and even to other countries, including Japan and New Zealand.
Frequently Asked Questions
What significant historical events occurred on March 9?
On March 9, several notable events have taken place throughout history. For instance, on March 9, 1959, the Barbie doll made its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York. Additionally, on this day in 1862, the famous Civil War naval battle between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (formerly the USS Merrimack) occurred, marking a pivotal moment in naval warfare with the clash of ironclad ships.
Who are some prominent figures born on March 9?
March 9th is the birthday of many influential individuals. One of the most famous is Amerigo Vespucci, born on March 9, 1454, an Italian explorer whose name was given to the continents of the Americas. Another notable figure is Yuri Gagarin, born on March 9, 1934, who became the first human to journey into outer space. Their contributions to exploration and space travel have left indelible marks on history.
Have there been any major scientific or technological advancements on March 9?
Yes, March 9 has been a date for significant scientific milestones. For example, on March 9, 1961, the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 9 successfully launched, carrying a human dummy and a dog named Chernushka, paving the way for human spaceflight. This event was crucial in the space race and demonstrated the advancing capabilities of space technology at the time.
What are some notable artistic or cultural events that happened on March 9?
Artistically, March 9 has seen the release of influential works and the birth of cultural icons. For instance, The Notorious B.I.G., an American rapper and hip-hop legend, was killed on March 9, 1997, in Los Angeles, a moment that deeply impacted the music industry. His music continues to influence artists and fans worldwide, and his death is often remembered as a significant event in the history of hip-hop.
Are there any significant political events that took place on March 9?
Politically, March 9 has been a day of important occurrences. For example, on March 9, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt submitted the Emergency Banking Act to Congress, which was a response to the banking crisis and a key component of his New Deal policies aimed at combating the Great Depression. This act helped stabilize the banking system and restored public confidence in the financial sector.