What Happened on June 5?

  • Senator Robert F. Kennedy was shot. (1968) Senator Kennedy was shot at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California and died the next day. The assassin, Sirhan Bishara Sirhan, was immediately arrested for the shooting. He was sentenced to life at the Pleasant Valley State Prison in California.

  • The first personal computer, the Apple II, went on sale. (1977) Introduced at the West Coast Computer Faire in California, the Apple II sold between five and six million machines before the end of its production in 1993.

  • American musician Elvis Presley debuted his single Hound Dog. (1956) The song's performance was debuted on The Milton Berle Show. In the more conservative time in America, audiences were scandalized by Elvis's erotic hip movements. In his second performance on the the show that night, he was televised only from the waist up.

  • Five people in Los Angeles were diagnosed with what would become known as AIDS. (1981) The patients were first diagnosed with a rare form of pneumonia that was reported in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

  • Constantinople, Turkey, burned. (1870) The fire, which burned most of the city to the ground, started when a young girl tripped, sending a hot coal she was carrying flying onto a neighboring roof. About 3,000 homes were destroyed and 900 people died.

  • The U.S. dropped the gold standard. (1933) The U.S. Congress passed a resolution stating creditors couldn't require payment in gold. As the Great Depression caused people to start hoarding gold, President Franklin D. Roosevelt responded to avert a financial collapse. To prevent people from withdrawing gold from banks, he instituted a moratorium and on April 13, 1933, he required all gold coins and certificates to be turned in for other forms of money.

  • Edward, Duke of Windsor, died. (1972) After his father's death in 1936, Edward became king. Edward wanted to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson and was forced to choose between being her husband and being king. He chose the former and abdicated, leaving England with his new title, Duke of Windsor.

  • The United States draft began. (1917) Called "Army registration day," the draft enlisted men ages 21 to 30 to serve in the U.S. military. In 1918, the age range increased to 18 to 45 years old. The U.S. draft was ended in 1973, moving to a volunteer military force.

  • U.S. President Ronald Reagan died. (2004) After a long battle with Alzheimer's disease, the 40th president of the United States died at his home in Santa Monica, California, at age 93.

  • Elizabeth Smart was kidnapped. (2002) The 14-year-old girl was taken from her home in Salt Lake City, Utah. She was found nine months later imprisoned by kidnappers Brian David Mitchell and Wanda Ileen Barzee in one of the most publicized kidnappings to date. Both kidnappers were found unfit to stand trial. Wanda Barzee was eventually sentenced to 15 years in prison.

  • Tropical Storm Allison, one of the costliest tropical storms in U.S. history, hit land in Texas, near Houston. (2001) It caused more than $5.5 billion U.S. Dollars in damage.

  • Uncle Tom's Cabin, an anti-slavery series by Harriet Beecher Stowe, launched in the National Era newspaper. (1851) Also called Life Among the Lowly, the series became a published novel in 1852.

  • Frontenac, the first Great Lakes Steam Boat, was launched. (1817) The paddle steamer ran on Lake Ontario and Niagara-on-the-Lake. It was sold for scrap in 1827, but burned due to arson before it could be scrapped.

Frequently Asked Questions

What significant historical events occurred on June 5?

June 5 marks several notable events in history. For instance, on June 5, 1968, U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles, a tragic event that shocked the nation. Additionally, on June 5, 1981, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published the first official report of what would later be known as AIDS, marking the beginning of public awareness of this devastating disease. These events are etched into history, shaping politics and public health awareness.

Are there any notable environmental events that took place on June 5?

Yes, World Environment Day is observed annually on June 5. It was established by the United Nations in 1972 to encourage worldwide awareness and action for the protection of our environment. Each year, the day focuses on a different theme and hosts various events to advocate for sustainable living and environmental stewardship. This day serves as a global platform for public outreach and is celebrated in over 100 countries.

Has June 5 been significant in the field of space exploration?

June 5 has indeed been significant in space exploration. For example, on June 5, 1966, Gemini 9, a NASA spaceflight in the Gemini series, completed its mission, which included a two-man crew conducting experiments and maneuvers in Earth's orbit. This mission was crucial in developing techniques for future Apollo missions, contributing to the eventual moon landing. Such missions have been pivotal in advancing human space exploration.

What are some notable births or deaths that have occurred on June 5?

June 5 has seen the birth of influential figures such as Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, born in 1723. Additionally, it marks the birth of Pancho Villa, a prominent Mexican Revolutionary general, in 1878. In terms of notable deaths, on June 5, 2012, Ray Bradbury, a celebrated American author known for his works in science fiction, passed away. These individuals have left indelible marks on their respective fields.

How has June 5 been recognized in the arts and culture?

June 5 has been recognized in arts and culture through various events and releases. For instance, the iconic Beatles album "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" was released in the United States on June 5, 1967, revolutionizing the music industry with its innovative sound and recording techniques. The album's influence on music and pop culture is still celebrated today, making its release date significant in the history of the arts.

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