- Ruth Ellis was hanged for murder - it was the last time a woman was hanged for murder in Great Britain. (1955) Ellis, a 28-year-old former model, shot David Blakely, her 25-year-old lover after he failed to visit her as he promised. It took a jury less than 30 minutes to deliberate and find her guilty. The relationship had been abusive — Ellis had miscarried once after Blakely hit her in the stomach — and there was a lot of controversy about her death sentence. Thousands of people signed petitions to stop her hanging. She was hanged at Holloway Prison in London.
- The worst riot in US history started in New York City. (1863) The rioters, mostly working-class men, opposed the military draft. In what became known as the "New York Draft Riots," rioters argued that the draft unfairly affected the working class — the rich could pay $300 US Dollars — about $5,300 US Dollars today — to avoid the draft. The riot lasted three days and left about 120 dead and more than 2,000 injured, though another estimate puts the deaths much higher at 2,000, with 8,000 injured. Property damage from the riots was estimated from $1 million to $5 million US Dollars.
- The worst flood in US history (at the time) hit Kansas. (1951) More than 30 inches (76 centimeters) of rain fell within a month's time in eastern Kansas. The flood reached its peak on this day, leaving 500,000 people homeless and 24 people dead. The flood also destroyed 2 million acres (8,094 square kilometers) of farmland and caused $760 million US Dollars in damage.
- The first World Cup soccer matches were held. (1930) In the first matches, France beat Mexico 4-1 and the US beat Belgium 3-0. In that first series, the US made it to the semi-finals. The first series was won by the Uruguay team, which defeated Argentina 4-2.
- The Hollywood sign was dedicated. (1923) The sign originally said "HOLLYWOODLAND," but the last four of the 50-foot (15.2-meter) letters were removed in 1949 after a renovation, which also reduced the letter sizes to 45 feet (14 meters) tall. The sign was initially set up as an advertisement, but became a tourist attraction after it was left standing.
- The Live Aid concert was held, benefiting starving people in Ethiopia. (1985) Concerts were held in several cities: Sydney, Moscow, London and Philadelphia. Almost $223 million US Dollars were raised while 400 million people in 60 countries watched the concerts, which were broadcast live on TV.
- Lightening struck power lines and put New York City in a 25-hour blackout. (1977) Most of the city was affected by the black out which resulted in city-wide looting and mayhem.
- The biggest tank battle in history ended. (1943) The Germans began the attack, known as the "Battle of Kursk," against the Russians on July 5. Over nine days of battle, about 6,000 tanks, 5,000 aircraft and two million people fought in the battle. The Russians won.
- Vice President George H.W. Bush became the US President for a day. (1985) Vice President Bush stepped up when President Ronald Reagan had colon surgery to remove polyps.
- American actor Harrison Ford was born. (1942) Ford became famous in his role as Hans Solo in the Star Wars movies. His other notable films include Indiana Jones, The Fugitive and Presumed Innocent. Ford is ranked as the third-highest earning box office star, with his films earning more than $6 billion US Dollars worldwide.
Frequently Asked Questions
What significant historical events occurred on July 13?
July 13 has been a day of notable historical events. For instance, in 1787, the United States Congress enacted the Northwest Ordinance, which established governance for the Northwest Territory and outlined the process for admitting new states. Additionally, in 1863, the New York City Draft Riots began, which were violent disturbances in protest of the draft for the Civil War. These are just a couple of the impactful moments that have taken place on this date.
Are there any notable scientific achievements that happened on July 13?
Yes, July 13 has seen scientific milestones as well. For example, in 1985, the Live Aid concerts, organized by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise funds for relief of the Ethiopian famine, were held. While not a scientific achievement per se, the global event showcased the power of international cooperation and broadcast technology, as it was one of the largest-scale satellite link-ups and television broadcasts of all time.
Has July 13 been a significant day in the field of exploration?
Indeed, July 13 marks a significant day in exploration history. On this day in 1930, the first FIFA World Cup started, marking a global exploration of talent and cultural exchange in the realm of sports. While not exploration in the traditional sense, the World Cup brought together nations in a way that fostered international relations and showcased the diversity of human skill and culture.
What important cultural or entertainment events have taken place on July 13?
July 13 has been an important date in the world of entertainment. Notably, in 1985, the aforementioned Live Aid concerts took place, which were a significant cultural phenomenon. The event featured performances by some of the biggest names in music, including Queen, U2, and Led Zeppelin, and was watched by an estimated global audience of 1.9 billion people across 150 nations, making it an unprecedented event in entertainment history.
Have there been any major political events on July 13 that shaped history?
Yes, there have been major political events on July 13 that have had a lasting impact. For example, the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, passed on this day, was a foundational document for the governance of the United States and the expansion of its territories. This ordinance set a precedent for the orderly expansion of the United States and the creation of new states, which was crucial for the country's westward expansion and development.